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A look to the past: Childhood memories in Tanguá aims to study childhood memories of old residents of the city. This dissertation seeks understanding of the following questions: what is the relationship between the city of Tanguá and children throughout your history? What is the importance of rescuing memories of life from the old residents of the city to work with early childhood education? Analyze the childhood memories aims to answer these questions to get to know the place of childhood in the history of the city. It also aims to uncover the vision of childhood that throughout history was built by locals and reveal other Tanguá stories that have not been told in the official story. Were chosen as theoretical references of this dissertation authors: Walter Benjamim, EcléaBosi and William Corsaro. These had produced works that, for different ways, had valued the narration, the meeting and the relation between the human beings as principle that allows to the critical understanding of the reality and history and the participation in the social life. The first chapter brings the ways that had led to the structuring of this research, the objectives, the presentation of the city of Tanguá, the relation of the researcher with the city, as well as the bibliographical revision and the used methodology. In the second chapter are the relevant contributions of the authors, mentioned above, for this dissertation, these contributions were fundamental to think what the place of childhood in the town of Tanguá throughout history and to understand the value of narrative in the work with children in early childhood education. The third chapter presents a brief summary about the history of each respondent and your relationship with the city, work and life. The fourth chapter brings the analysis of life stories and categories that emerged from the narratives from the old residents of the city. In the fifth chapter the memories are parsed on the prism of educational opportunities that they have for future generations of the city, specifically to work with early childhood education. The final chapter, starts from what you can learn of the stories of life and brings recommendations for enhancement of the narrative at work with early childhood education.