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Título: SHRINKAGE, CREEP AND FRACTURE OF CEMENTITIOUS COMPOSITES REINFORCED WITH BAMBOO PULP
Instituição: PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC-RIO
Autor(es): ANGELA TERESA COSTA SALES

Colaborador(es):  KHOSROW GHAVAMI - Orientador
Número do Conteúdo: 8663
Catalogação:  12/07/2006 Idioma(s):  PORTUGUESE - BRAZIL

Tipo:  TEXT Subtipo:  THESIS      trabalho premiado
Natureza:  SCHOLARLY PUBLICATION
Nota:  Todos os dados constantes dos documentos são de inteira responsabilidade de seus autores. Os dados utilizados nas descrições dos documentos estão em conformidade com os sistemas da administração da PUC-Rio.
Referência [pt]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=8663@1
Referência [en]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=8663@2
Referência DOI:  https://doi.org/10.17771/PUCRio.acad.8663

Resumo:
The application of cimentitious composites using vegetal fibers in substitution of asbestos is a worldwide fact in the fiber cement industry. Despite their good mechanical properties and durability, the use of asbestos fibers causes well-known health hazards. Although vegetal fibers have relatively poor mechanical properties compared with synthetic fibers, they have other advantages such as low cost and low energy demand during manufacture. Bamboo is an excellent fiber supplier, due to its fast growth and the quality of its fibers. Using vegetal pulp it is possible to insert considerable amounts of fiber in a cement matrix, which randomly distributed confer isotropic characteristics to the composite. Studies are carried out aiming to improve the performance of composites with vegetal fibers. Shrinkage and creep are sorts of time depending deformation that may significantly reduce the durability and performance of the cement based composite. Cementitious composites are essentially heterogeneous materials subject to the presence of flaws at different levels due to the presence of many internal microcraks in the material prior to loading. Therefore, the application of fracture mechanics could become a suitable tool for the design and control of the integrity of these composites, since the inhibition of crack initiation and propagation is one of the main functions of the short fiber reinforcement. This work sought to analyze the behavior of cimentitious composites reinforced with bamboo pulp under shrinkage and creep and to provide sufficient fracture parameters to describe the failure mode of the material. The results show that, whereas the plastic shrinkage reduces, the free drying shrinkage increases proportionally to bamboo pulp content in the composite, reaching a 40% increment for a 14% pulp content, after one year. Under restrained shrinkage, the composite with bamboo pulp presents better performance than unreinforced matrix. Namely, under same boundary conditions, while the unreinforced matrix presents cracks after about four hours, the composites present no cracks visible through a 10x magnifying glass, even after forty five days of drying. Study of the shrinkage reversibility of the composite showed that there is contraction deformation prevalence. Under simple compression, the creep capacity of the bamboo pulp composites increases proportionally with the fiber content. Under bending stress, there was an increase of the specific creep in the compressed face of the specimen, as the pulp content of the mixture increases. The specific creep under bending tension for the tensile face was greater for the unreinforced matrix than in the bamboo pulp composites. As revealed through the assessment of fracture behavior of composites with bamboo pulp, notched specimens presented a considerable improvement in bending behavior when compared to the unreinforced matrix. The composites with pulp became less sensible to the notch with the increment of pulp content. In the bamboo pulp composites, considerable softening was observed in the load-displacement curve, as load gradually decreases after the peak load and before the rupture due to crack propagation. Using resistance curves (R-curves) it was possible to identify the KIR values that, for the composites, kept certain constancy as the crack length increased. At this plateau of the curve, the average values for KIR reached 1,88 MPa.m1/2 and 1,84 MPa.m1/2 for composites with bamboo pulp content of 8% and 14% respectively. In the composites, crack profiles and crack surfaces were tortuous, while in the unreinforced matrix the fracture mechanisms were more intensely dominated by the presence of the initial notch.

Descrição Arquivo
COVER, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, RESUMO, ABSTRACT, SUMMARY AND LISTS  PDF
CHAPTER 1  PDF
CHAPTER 2  PDF
CHAPTER 3  PDF
CHAPTER 4  PDF
CHAPTER 5  PDF
REFERENCES AND APPENDICES  PDF
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