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Título:PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES AIMED AT THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS AND MORPHOLOGICAL AWARENESS IN LITERACY Instituição:PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC-RIO Autor:KELLY MAIA CORDEIRO
This thesis aims to identify and analyze pedagogical practices aimed at the development of phonological awareness and morphological awareness in literacy. The procedure of data production took place through an online questionnaire, with teachers reporting their teaching practices in literacy and
respondents who volunteered to participate in the semi-structured interview. For qualitative data analysis, the ATLAS.ti software was used, organizing the productions into categories, subcategories and analysis axes. Thus, it was possible to establish two studies: in the first, the perception of teachers about the
difficulties of students when they begin to learn to write and the skills to be developed during this process was investigated. The results indicate a centrality directed to the sociocultural environment, pointing to literacy practices in the home and school environment; specific knowledge, typical of the teachinglearning
process, with emphasis on phonological awareness and aspects related to emotions, regarding fear and insecurity when the student makes a mistake at the time of writing. The second study evidenced the organization of pedagogical practices reported in an inventory that characterizes them in five typologies:
practices in phonological awareness; cultural repertoire expansion practices; reading and writing practices; practices involving different areas; and practices in other contexts. Practices for the development of morphological awareness were not identified, which may indicate a gap in teacher education and, thus, the lack of knowledge that this skill contributes to reading and writing more complex
words in terms of spelling. The practice in phonological awareness was reported by eleven teachers, with the greatest concentration in activities aimed at the phonemic awareness sub-area and none directed at rhyme and alliteration. The results of this study indicate that the teachers have knowledge about
phonological awareness, using as a strategy in the teaching of recreational activities, mainly, the game created or adapted to the specific context of the class. But, despite this, there were few reports that indicated structured teaching, in the sense of a sequence through which it is possible to identify the intentions from where they start and where they want to go with the proposed activities. This finding raises the need for more investment in teacher training in this area. The survey also identified that few teachers resort to digital technologies for teaching, something directly linked to the low infrastructure in schools.