$$\newcommand{\bra}[1]{\left<#1\right|}\newcommand{\ket}[1]{\left|#1\right>}\newcommand{\bk}[2]{\left<#1\middle|#2\right>}\newcommand{\bke}[3]{\left<#1\middle|#2\middle|#3\right>}$$
INFORMAÇÕES SOBRE DIREITOS AUTORAIS


As obras disponibilizadas nesta Biblioteca Digital foram publicadas sob expressa autorização dos respectivos autores, em conformidade com a Lei 9610/98.

A consulta aos textos, permitida por seus respectivos autores, é livre, bem como a impressão de trechos ou de um exemplar completo exclusivamente para uso próprio. Não são permitidas a impressão e a reprodução de obras completas com qualquer outra finalidade que não o uso próprio de quem imprime.

A reprodução de pequenos trechos, na forma de citações em trabalhos de terceiros que não o próprio autor do texto consultado,é permitida, na medida justificada para a compreeensão da citação e mediante a informação, junto à citação, do nome do autor do texto original, bem como da fonte da pesquisa.

A violação de direitos autorais é passível de sanções civis e penais.
Coleção Digital

Avançada


Estatísticas | Formato DC|



Título: ANALYTICAL SOLUTION FOR THE PROPAGATION OF GUIDED ACOUSTIC WAVES IN MULTILAYERED CYLINDERS APPLIED TO THROUGH-TUBING CEMENT BOND LOGGING IN OIL WELLS
Instituição: PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC-RIO
Autor(es): TIAGO DE MAGALHAES CORREIA

Colaborador(es):  ARTHUR MARTINS BARBOSA BRAGA - Orientador
ALAN CONCI KUBRUSLY - Coorientador
Número do Conteúdo: 49662
Catalogação:  29/09/2020 Idioma(s):  ENGLISH - UNITED STATES

Tipo:  TEXT Subtipo:  THESIS
Natureza:  SCHOLARLY PUBLICATION
Nota:  Todos os dados constantes dos documentos são de inteira responsabilidade de seus autores. Os dados utilizados nas descrições dos documentos estão em conformidade com os sistemas da administração da PUC-Rio.
Referência [pt]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=49662@1
Referência [en]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=49662@2
Referência DOI:  https://doi.org/10.17771/PUCRio.acad.49662

Resumo:
In oil wells, a good cementation is essential to guarantee the structural support of the casing and isolate the well from groundwater. The variations in the material properties and the presence of defects in the cement can lead to leaks and environmental damage. During the deactivation and abandonment of the well in P&A operations (Plug & Abandonment), it is necessary to evaluate the cement condition as well as investigate possible defects. Since 50 s, cement bond logging tools capable of analyzing the cement condition have been developed and improved. The most famous tools were Cement Bond Logging Tools (CBT), based on CBL (Cement Bond Logging) and VDL (Variable Density Logging) operation technique and the Cement Evaluation Tools (CET). However, these tools were designed to operate only in single-casing set, without the tubing. Remove the tubing is an expensive process, so a challenge in the industry that remains open is the creation of a tool capable of operating in wells with tubing in order to reduce process costs or in wells that have multiple casings. In recent years, many patents and scientific paper have been published on the same topic. This work analyzes the effectiveness of the use of guided ultrasonic waves in multilayer wells to detect defects present in the cement layer. To this end, a vast bibliographic search was first carried out in order to identify the most frequent types of existing defects, the principle of operation of the main commercial tools and the advances in research on this subject. The well studied was modelled from analytical equations of the elastic wave theory, aiming at the dispersion equations that govern the problem. An analytical-numerical code was developed capable of solving these equations and obtaining the dispersion curves. Furthermore, it was analyzed how the defects and their variations affect the dispersion curves, identifying the characteristic behaviours for each case. Subsequently, the energy distribution, obtained by the Poynting vector, in the well was used in order to investigate the modes that concentrate the energy in the cement layer. For the single-casing, it was concluded that the best excitation modes were those with high frequency, because the energy is concentrated in cement. For through-tubing case, it was found that at a frequency of 30.13 kHz and a slowness of 726.5 us/m, the energy is virtually completely concentrated in cement, which is interesting to analyze defects present only in cement layer and that at 39.17 kHz and 507 us/m the energy is distributed between cement and tubing, being interesting to analyze defects that involve both layers.

Descrição Arquivo
COMPLETE  PDF
Agora você pode usar seu login do SAU no Maxwell!!
Fechar Janela



* Esqueceu a senha:
Senha SAU, clique aqui
Senha Maxwell, clique aqui