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Coleção Digital

Avançada


Estatísticas | Formato DC | MARC |



Título: HIGH RESOLUTION ANALYTICAL ELECTRON MICROSCOPY STUDY OF NI- BASE SUPER ALLOY 625 PRODUCED BY DIGITAL LASER PRINTING
Autor: CILENE LABRE ALVES DA SILVA DE MEDEIRO
Instituição: PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC-RIO
Colaborador(es):  IVAN GUILLERMO SOLORZANO NARANJO - Orientador
ANDRE LUIZ PINTO - Co-Orientador

Nº do Conteudo: 48853
Catalogação:  01/07/2020 Idioma(s):  PORTUGUESE - BRAZIL
Tipo:  TEXT Subtipo:  THESIS
Natureza:  SCHOLARLY PUBLICATION
Nota:  Todos os dados constantes dos documentos são de inteira responsabilidade de seus autores. Os dados utilizados nas descrições dos documentos estão em conformidade com os sistemas da administração da PUC-Rio.
Referência [pt]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=48853@1
Referência [en]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=48853@2
Referência DOI:  https://doi.org/10.17771/PUCRio.acad.48853

Resumo:
This thesis studies the microstructural stability of Ni-base Super alloy 625 for its mechanical properties and its varieties of applications in the industry, in three different conditions: bulk (industrially forged plate), precursor powder particles for 3D printing process and a sample produced by laser Direct Metal Deposition (DMD). Aiming at promoting precipitation processes and, therefore, correlate with the mechanical properties of the material, samples of these conditions were submitted to solution annealing and isothermal aging treatments at 650 Celsius degrees and 750 Celsius degrees for 10 hours and 100 hours. Characterization of the microstructure was performed by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), in the conventional diffraction contrast mode, scanning/transmission (STEM) analytical mode, and high resolution microscopy (HRTEM). Energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDXS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) were used to analyze the local composition of the matrix and precipitated phases. Micro hardness measurements were performed to evaluate the effect of thermal treatments. The microstructural analysis of the bulk sample in the as-received condition showed an equiaxial grain structure with NbTiC and M6C precipitated phases. Solid solution treatment at 1100 Celsius degrees for 40 minutes allowed partial dissolution of the carbides. Aging at 650 Celsius degrees for 10 hours showed NbTiC carbides and a hardness increase of 5 percent compared to the as-solubilized sample. However, aging at this temperature for 100 hours promoted the homogeneous precipitation of the gama phase, thus increasing the material s hardness by 45 percent, when compared to it as solubilized. The bulk sample aged at 750 Celsius degrees for 10 hours showed grain boundary and homogeneous precipitation of NbTiC and M23C6 carbides. This sample condition upon aging at this temperature for 100 hours shows δ phase homogeneously precipitated in the matrix. The microstructural analysis of the precursor powder showed micrometer size individual particles as polycrystalline, consisting predominantly of columnar grains of the austenitic matrix. Analysis of samples produced by DMD in the as-received condition revealed dendritic microstructure with carbides of Nb and Laves phase in the interdendritic regions. The solution treatment of the DMD samples for 40 minutes at 1100 Celsius degrees and 1200 Celsius degrees proved to be insufficient for the dissolution of the precipitate. In order to enhance diffusion of Nb and so carbide and Laves phase dissolution, a solution anneal was carried out at 1200 Celsius degrees for 100 hours. This sample treated at 650 Celsius degrees for 100 hours showed M23C6 carbides precipitated at grain boundaries and also at the Laves phase/matrix interfaces. However, upon aging at 750 Celsius degrees for 100 hours the precipitation of M23C6 and M6C takes place at the grain boundary and in the austenitic matrix, thus increasing the material s hardness by 18 percent, when compared to it as solubilized. The increase of the hardness by 12 percent after the heat treatment is related to the precipitation of the carbides in the grain boundaries and dispersed in the matrix resulting from the aging thermal treatments.

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