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In order to investigate children s daily lives, their interactions with their peers and with adults in the school space, in and out of the classroom (in the idle hours, in the playground and in the events outside the school), this dissertation seeks to understand, in the philosophical perspective of the dialogue of Martin Buber and of the language of Mikhail Bakhtin, what the children listen to, practice and talk about religion. The contributions of childhood studies, as an interdisciplinary field of knowledge that provides elements for thinking about childhood and the child within the scope of the Human and Social Sciences, make it possible to problematize the conditions that contemporaneity has offered to the dialogue and the relationships between child-child / adult-child, having in the child it s centrality. In this sense, the child is understood as an active person and participant of a group, and that their spaces of interaction are thus understood as influenced by their actions. Interviews and observations have paved the way for understanding these forms of interactions and actions. It is important to highlight that one of the great challenges of observation with children is precisely in recognizing their wholeness as subjects of their actions; that is, to observe them as individuals who are not only influenced but also influencers of the dialogues. Thus, in order to bridge the gap between researcher and participants, dialogue and presence were paths both possible and fundamental in the construction of the relationship between subjects, which implies the challenge of alterity, knowledge and recognition of the other. This requires attention, presence to listen, to see, to perceive, to feel, to bond, to become available, to be welcoming, essential actions in the study of the human phenomena and that guided the observations of interactions, interviews and rounds of conversation with attentive listening and looking, in order to register the ways in which religion, embodied in the multiple languages of the subjects circulating in the school environment, appears in their daily lives.