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Título:ADVANCES AND SETBACKS OF THE SOCIAL INCLUSION OF COLLECTORS OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS OF THE ASSOCIATIONS AND COOPERATIVES OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF MESQUITA, FROM THE FULFILLMENT OF THE PNRS NATIONAL POLICY OF SOLID WASTE - LAW 12 305 2010 Autor:ALINE ALVES SILVA
The National Solid Waste Policy - Law 12,305 was promulgated on August 2, 2010 and brings in its text an innovative process by including the recyclable material collector in the actions of integrated solid waste management, as well as in the process of shared responsibility of the products in search of their
socioeconomic inclusion, as well as in the perspective of eco-efficiency and sustainable development, which could also be leveraged by the reverse logistics provided for by said policy. In this sense, the present work presents a study about the process of social inclusion of recyclable waste pickers in the municipality of
Mesquita, pointing out the advances and setbacks observed, taking as reference the actions before and after said policy, because there is a determination of that the public manager should prioritize the organization and operation of cooperatives or other forms of association of collectors of reusable and recyclable materials formed by low-income individuals, as well as their hiring, but nowadays, in the face of
empirical data raised, this movement does not come occurring in the municipality. Therefore, in order to collect data and analyze them, we carried out the qualitative research where we proceeded to document and bibliographical survey, aiming to know the documentation in force, as well as the academic systematizations produced in relation to the theme, expanding the scope of the work carried out research of field and for listening we conducted semi-structured interviews directed to the subjects involved in the process before and after the law, thus, we heard scavengers and public managers with the purpose of analyzing the advances and setbacks of the inclusive process of the scavengers in order to verify the current eality of the municipality which has been so active in the socio-environmental area even before the legislation, but has not been acting with socio-environmental actions determined by law. We consider it important to elucidate that our motivation for this study was based on the fact that we lived, as a resident of the municipality, actions in the time before the legislation, where the municipality put into practice an
effective work in favor of the social inclusion of the collectors, but in function of political processes with the change of management, among other aspects, we observed that there was a rupture of what had been developed at the time, so our intention is to understand what actually happened, since the process has been inverse, since with the enactment of the law the actions that would facilitate and promulgate the partnership of the collectors with the public power should have been intensified but what was possible to verify is that these workers are not being contemplated by the precepts of the law to attend the category.