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The main purpose of this research is to establish and bring forward challenges of the teaching practice in the day care center in relation to the work with the emotions of the babies, as well as to know points of emotional tension of the educational daily. The emotional and affectionate aspects of small children s development have not yet received due attention in spite of the fact that affectionate relationships and educational practices are essentially complementary. In order to establish the objective of this research, a theoretical construction was prepared based on the studies of Freire, Wallon, Palou and Perpiñán. The children s emotional development and well-being are emphasized in this context as well as the interaction between the adults and the children, focusing on the availability to form a connection and the ability for affectionate commitment on the part of the adult. Institutionalized interactions at the daycare center and its influence on the emotional culture are also discussed. As methodological resources, we used observations of babies at an Institution for the Development of Children (EDI) and open interviews with EDI professionals of the class observed in order to clarify the challenges they face and the concepts which are used to deal with affectionate relations at the daycare institution. The Atlas TI software was used to assess the quantitative analysis of the interviews, and to allow the crosschecking of data and the creation of codes. After systematizing the codes by similarity of topics the analysis of the categories was prepared. The results showed significant tensions in the institutional and political which impact the affectionate relationships at daycare institutions. The research also shows some critical aspects regarding the emotional vulnerability of the professionals who work at the daycare center. It identifies some serious problems between the macropolicy and micropolicy which undermine the emotional experiences of children and adults. This work aims at contributing to the development of the discussions about the function of affection in the education of children as well as adults engaged in this activity.