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Crude oil is rarely produced alone. Usually it is produced together with water in the form of emulsion. Emulsion formation during oil production is extremely problematic in terms of flow characteristics and further processing of the produced fluids. It can cause flow assurance problems and increase the cost of phase separation. The emulsification process starts inside the reservoir with the flow of oil and water through the porous media and continues in the multi phase flow inside the well, the turbulent flow through
valves, pumps and in surface facilities. There are still uncertainties related to the conditions that promote emulsification inside the reservoirs. This dissertation is focused in the emulsion formation in multi phase flow of oil and water in porous media. An experimental study was carried out to analyze the effects of process variables and properties of the fluids and porous media in the morphology of the emulsions formed. Water and oil were injected as separate phases into a porous media formed of glass micro spheres. The produced fluids were collected and analyzed to determine the type of emulsion and its morphological characteristics. The results of the experiments indicate that the morphology of the emulsions depends strongly on the operational conditions in which the fluids are produced. Emulsion drop sizes decrease at higher total flow rates and increase as the water-oil ratio falls. It was also established that the characteristics of the porous media have a strong effect on the morphology of emulsions. The use of a porous media with higher permeability resulted in the production of emulsions with broader droplet size distributions and larger mass medium diameters. Simultaneous production of w/o and o/w emulsions was observed in that porous media, while only total phase inversion was observed in a less permeable porous media. Multiple emulsions were common after total phase inversion.