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Nonintrusive power transfer and data communication between devices through metallic walls is an increasing need in several sensing systems. Traditional means of communication mainly use electric conductors or electromagnetic waves. The first needs some mechanism for penetration whereas the latter, although nonintrusive, can be extremely limited due to the Faraday shielding effect. An alternative is found in the use of acoustic waves to transfer data and energy through metallic walls. Although great effort has been recently directed towards this type of communication, there still is a shortage of data dealing with the acoustic channel in the presence of multiple layers as well as of experimental results with curved metallic walls. Possible applications in these contexts may be found when monitoring pressure vessels filled with a fluid or pipes conveying liquids. The present dissertation evaluates, analytically, numerically and experimentally, the transmission of energy and data communication through a multi-layered, liquidmetal
acoustic channel, composed of two curved metallic walls with a layer of liquid between them. For this, initially, two models based on propagation of ultrasonic waves are analyzed and compared, one analytical and the other numerical, both relying on electric-acoustic analogies. Both are extended to include
more than one layer of material. The energy efficiency assessment and data transfer capability are addressed through the models and also experimentally validated using an acoustic channel comprising a flat aluminum plate and two axially aligned piezoelectric transducers coupled to it. In addition, an electric circuit is developed for the transmission of energy from outside to inside and the communication of
digital data from the inside to the outside by ASK modulation and demodulation. The circuit is simulated using electrical circuit simulation software, designed and assembled with printed circuit boards. Thereafter, a second experiment where the acoustic channel is composed by a curved metallic section with an intermediate PUC-Rio - Certificação Digital No 1521906/CA fluid layer is implemented. In this, the power and data transfer are studied using the developed electric circuit, which is connected to a pair of piezoelectric transducers coupled to the acoustic channel. Results for the flat aluminum plate reveal good
agreement between both models and the experiment, both by frequency and time domain analysis. The analytical model best reproduced the physical phenomenon of interest due to its stricter treatment of loss mechanisms. The second experiment proved the feasibility of multi-layered liquid-metal communication on curved walls and showed that the system is able to transmit data from temperature and pressure sensors at a rate of 9600 bps. The sensor and all its peripheral circuitry were fully powered by the energy flowing through the acoustic channel in total of approximately 140 mW.