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Título: SELECTIVE FLOTATION OF MOLYBDENITE USING CHLORO ACETIC ACID AND THIOUREA IN THE CHALCOPYRITE DEPRESSION
Autor: VICENTE PAUL JUAREZ SOTO
Instituição: PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC-RIO
Colaborador(es):  EDUARDO DE ALBUQUERQUE BROCCHI - Orientador
ELVES MATIOLO - Co-Orientador

Nº do Conteudo: 31417
Catalogação:  12/09/2017 Idioma(s):  PORTUGUESE - BRAZIL
Tipo:  TEXT Subtipo:  THESIS
Natureza:  SCHOLARLY PUBLICATION
Nota:  Todos os dados constantes dos documentos são de inteira responsabilidade de seus autores. Os dados utilizados nas descrições dos documentos estão em conformidade com os sistemas da administração da PUC-Rio.
Referência [pt]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=31417@1
Referência [en]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=31417@2
Referência DOI:  https://doi.org/10.17771/PUCRio.acad.31417

Resumo:
Copper-molybdenum porphyry deposits worldwide are exploited industrially by flotation of the ores of interest into a BULK concentrate with the aid of sulfhydryl collectors of high efficiency and low selectivity. The bulk concentrate obtained should be reprocessed in order to remove those collectors employed in the bulk stage since they impair the differential flotation during the separation step in order to obtain clean high quality molybdenite concentrates at low contents of copper and iron. The bulk flotation process is conducted under oxidizing conditions in presence of sulfhydryl collectors (xanthates, etc.). In industrial practice these bulk concentrates are then separated by modification of the pulp electrochemical potential to values considered reducing, between -300 to-450 mV, with sodium hidrosulphide (NaSH) or Nokes reagent (phosphorus pentasulfide dissolved in sodium hydroxide). Addition of sodium cyanide in some cases is used to improve process efficiency. Bulk concentrates produced are however a very small portion of the processed mineral (only 1/50 of the total ore milled), these industrial processes produce waste effluents and hazardous gases such as H2S and HCN if not adequately controlled. This dissertation seeks to assess the reagent pseudo glycol tiourea acid (PGA) and thioglycolic acid (TGA) as an alternative to industrial processing for the selective separation of minerals of copper and molybdenum. On the evaluation of this depressant were used contact angle measurements, zeta potential, flotation tests in Partridge-Smith cell (PS), FTIR and bench scale flotation testing cell with an experimental design. The reagent studied showed good depressant properties for copper minerals according to the results presented. Within the results of the contact angle measurements with the captive bubble technique were found greater contact angles for chalcopyrite than for molybdenite (up to 10 degrees difference) and values between 60 and 70 degrees, however in acidic pH this difference decreases and both minerals have almost the same contact angle as of 60 more or less 1 degree. Though on the contact angle measured values it was not employed the final collector (kerosene) for molybdenite due to lack of homogeneity on emulsions to make the contact angle measurements. On floatability tests (on PS cell) with binary mixtures of chalcopyrite-molybdenite were found pH values on the acidic range, at which good concentration ratios and recoveries in the order of 67 percent of molybdenite with only 10 percent of the chalcopyrite were obtained. The results using NaSH reagent under similar conditions gave similar recoveries for molybdenite, however it was found in the basic pH range. Based on the results, several variables were evaluated and an experimental design employed on bench scale flotation tests, the results showed recoveries of 84 percent were obtained in the rougher concentrate with 13 percent copper corroborating the good properties of this depressant.

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