In Brazil, much of what is extracted and leftovers from the productive processes are wasted in the form of garbage, and disposed in landfills, controlled landfills and often also in open dumps. The implications of this waste start to appear as environmental problems due to the intense disposal of potentially recyclable or compostable material as garbage without any use, and without adequate treatment, which generates contamination of water, soil, and air, causing impacts of varying proportions not only for the environment but also for the quality of human life. Percolation of slurry and groundwater contamination, methane gas emissions, the presence of vectors, and the emergence of people who live from the garbage and use it for their livelihoods are some of the problems that arise due to poor waste management. Coupled with the waste and mismanagement of our tailings, there is the devaluation and the view that garbage is a material of no value, which makes it difficult to reinsert it in the productive chain. Brazil, following the promulgation of the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) by Federal Law 10,305 / 2010 (Brazil, 2010), has taken an important step towards the efficient management of its waste. In its Article 7, it defines as objectives the protection of public health and environmental quality, the non-generation, reduction, reuse, recycling and treatment of solid wastes, as well as environmentally appropriate final disposition of the wastes, which is the order of priority in waste management; besides encouraging the adoption of sustainable patterns of production and consumption of goods and services; the adoption, development and improvement of clean technologies as a way to minimize environmental impacts; reducing the volume and hazardousness of hazardous waste; the encouragement of the recycling industry, with a view to promoting the use of raw materials and inputs derived from recyclable and recycled materials and the integrated management of solid waste. Also, according to Law 12,305 (Brazil, 2010), establishments that exceed the expected volume limit (120 L per day) are considered to be large generators, and must prepare and apply a Solid Waste Management Plan, seeking to reduce, not generate, reuse, recycle, treatment and final disposal of waste generated. According to the Municipal Law no. 3273/2001 (Rio de Janeiro, 2001), waste generated by establishments that exceed the limit of 120 L per day, is classified as RSE (Extraordinary Solid Waste), having each generator to guarantee a correct environmental destination for their waste, since they are excluded from the municipal collection system.