The industrial effluents from mining and extractive metallurgy processes may contain varying amounts of As, Se, Sb and Bi becoming a potential source of pollution. The object of the present work was to investigate the removal of As, Se, Sb and Bi present in the same aqueous solution, by chemical precipitation using
cations of precipitating agents, under oxidizing and reduced conditions. For this, mixed synthetic solutions. The variables evaluated were: precipitating agent type (Fe (III), Fe (II), Al (III) and Ca (II)), pH, precipitating /analytes molar ratio, initial concentration of As, Se, Sb and Bi And the preoxidation of these elements with
H2O2. For solutions containing the initial concentration of 200 mg / L of the analytes without pre-oxidation, it was possible to achieve 99.95 percent removal efficiency and residual concentrations of 0.11 mg / L, 0.10 mg / L, 0.08 mg / L, 0.01 mg / L for As, Se, Sb and Bi, respectively, by Fe (III) precipitation, at pH 5 in 30 minutes of reaction and Fe (III) / As, Se, Sb and Bi = 7. These values are within the limits allowed by CONAMA Resolution 430/2011 for the disposal of As and Se effluents. The optimum pH to precipitate As, Se, Sb and Bi depends on the oxidation state of its oxyanions, while the Fe (III) precipitating agent was well above Fe (II), Al (III) and Ca (II) to remove As, Se, Sb and Bi. Pre-oxidation of these elements with H2O2
influenced the removal of As and Se, however Sb and Bi were not influenced by pre-oxidation. The optimal molar ratio of Fe (III) / As, Se, Sb and Bi was 5 and 7 to precipitate these elements. Finally, the micrographs obtained by MEV show a compact agglomerated structure, and the semiquantitative analysis showed that they are constituted mainly by elements As, Se, Sb, Bi, Fe, O, Cl and Na , With Fe and O being in greater quantity.