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Changes in soil properties due to the action of dynamic loads are responsible for significant damage of geo-structures such as dams, retaining structures,building foundations, slopes, etc. The occurrence of liquefaction phenomena in susceptible materials, such as loose saturated, represents a type of disastrous response of soil, the term liquefaction has been used to refer to a group of phenomena wich have in common the development of high pore pressures in saturated cohesionless mterial due to monotonic, transient, or cyclic loads. The prediction of soil liquefaction depends of an adequate analysis of the behavior of undrained materials, in terms of increase of pore water pressure and weakening of the solid-fluid mixture, during and after the periodic motion. The establishment of the governing equations is essential to provide a realistic mathematical model to describe the physical behavior of this phenomenon. The system of equations to be considered are: the equilibrium equation of the solid phase, the equilibrium equation of the solid-fluid mixture, the conservation mass of the fluid phase, the coupling equation of phases, and the conservation equations of materials. In this thesis the soil dynamic response was numerically investigated by the finite element method. To obtain the spatial discretization in time was the Generalized Newmark method. An elastic-plastic constitutive model was used to describe the mechanical behavior of the solid phase. This model was developed in the framework of the generalized theory of plasticity, wich has some advantages when compared with other models based on the classical plasticity theory. The computacional implementation was written in fortran 90. Numerical examples considered in this thesis demonstrate the efficiency of the constitutive model to simulated the predicted behavior of soil under liquefaction as well as the reliability of the software developed in this research, in terms of computational effort and good accuracy of the results, when compared with some analytical solutions and other numerical values obtained by various authors and different constitutive models.