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Coleção Digital

Avançada


Estatísticas | Formato DC|



Título: DISCOURSES ON LITERATURE IN ENGLISH: PERCEPTIONS AND PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICE OF UNIVERSITY TEACHERS
Instituição: PONTIFÍCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATÓLICA DO RIO DE JANEIRO - PUC-RIO
Autor(es): DANIELLE DE ALMEIDA MENEZES

Colaborador(es):  LUCIA PACHECO DE OLIVEIRA - Orientador
Número do Conteúdo: 16092
Catalogação:  05/08/2010 Idioma(s):  PORTUGUESE - BRAZIL

Tipo:  TEXT Subtipo:  THESIS
Natureza:  SCHOLARLY PUBLICATION
Nota:  Todos os dados constantes dos documentos são de inteira responsabilidade de seus autores. Os dados utilizados nas descrições dos documentos estão em conformidade com os sistemas da administração da PUC-Rio.
Referência [pt]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=16092@1
Referência [en]:  https://www.maxwell.vrac.puc-rio.br/colecao.php?strSecao=resultado&nrSeq=16092@2
Referência DOI:  https://doi.org/10.17771/PUCRio.acad.16092

Resumo:
The present thesis analyzes the discourse of university teachers of literature in English, with different institutional profiles, in order to: (1) uncover how they define literature, (2) identify the function of the linguistic choices which characterize their discourse about literature and teaching, and (3) describe how they discursively build their teaching practice. To this end, the theoretical background resorts to the areas of Literature and Linguistics. As regards the former, three different ways of explaining the literary phenomenon are discussed: the artistic (Castro, 1996; Todorov, 2009), the psychoanalytic (Vygotsky, 1999 [1925]; Eagleton, 1997), and the empirical (Schmidt, 1982). Then, the research goes on to present a brief historical view of the complex organization of language and literature courses in higher-education level (Sá Campos, 1987), and to discuss issues related to the teaching of literature in English in Brazil (Izarra, 1999; Jordão, 2001a; Zyngier, 2003). As far as Linguistics is concerned, the study adopts the notions of language and discourse, from a dialogic and systemicfunctional perspective, as well as the view of discourse analysis as a multidisciplinary activity in order to guide the data analysis (Bakhtin, 1979 [1930]; 2006 [1979]; Chouliardak e Fairclough, 2001; Fairclough, 2001; Halliday e Hasan, 1989; Halliday, 1994). The data for the present research were generated by means of semi-structured interviews with ten university teachers of public and private institutions from different districts in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Adopting a qualitative approach and the support of corpus-linguistic tools (Biber, Conrad e Reppen, 1998; Oliveira, 2009), data analysis was developed in three stages. The first one aims at categorizing the different perceptions of literature expressed by the participants. The second, based on the keywords generated by WordSmith Tools (Scott, 1999) for each interview, identifies the dimensions which characterize these teachers’ discourse. The third stage categorizes and discusses the participants’ pedagogical practices as reported in the interviews. In relation to the views of literature, the results show that the participants have varied understandings of literature, which are grouped here into three main macrocategories: identification, composition and purpose. The keyword analysis indicates that the ten participants’ discourse about literature and teaching varies along five dimensions: ontological, methodological, institutional, cognitive and socio-historical, most of which favor issues associated to teaching rather than to a theoretical discussion on literature. Finally, the pedagogical practices reported by the participants tend to be described into three different levels, which range from authoritarianism and ideological control to student autonomy, allowing for some intermediary stance. In relation to the choice of the language used in literature classes, the study shows that there is a complex variation between public and private higher education institutions. Among the implications of this study to scientific knowledge is the real need to investigate issues related to the literature classroom, following a tradition which is commonly implemented by language teachers (cf. Rajagopalan, 2001a; Rajagopalan, 2001b; Grigoletto, 2001; Keys, 2001; Jorge, 2001; Jordão, 2004; Paiva, 2005a; Gieve e Miller, 2006; Miccoli, 2007). Furthermore, in the applied field, this thesis reveals the latent need to promote a critical and reflective approach to the teaching of literature in English, which will effectively contribute to the education of autonomous individuals.

Descrição Arquivo
COVER, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, RESUMO, ABSTRACT, SUMMARY AND LISTS  PDF
CHAPTER 1  PDF
CHAPTER 2  PDF
CHAPTER 3  PDF
CHAPTER 4  PDF
CHAPTER 5  PDF
CHAPTER 6  PDF
REFERENCES AND ANNEX  PDF
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